In Germany, the BLE is the authority competent for the implementation of the sustainability criteria laid down in Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (Renewable Energies Directive).
The European Union aims at promoting the sustainable energetic use of biomass. This corresponds to the sustainability strategy of the German government. Using biomass sustainably for energetic purposes means that it should not be used at the expense of human beings or nature. The German sustainability strategy states that climate and resource protection, increased use of renewable energies, biodiversity and food security are to be considered when using bioenergy.
The European Union’s Renewable Energies Directive lays down sustainability criteria for both the production and the energetic use of biomass. They concern all forms bioliquids, vegetable oils in particular, such as palm, soy and rape oil, as well as liquid and gaseous biofuels such as biodiesel, vegetable oil fuel, bioethanol and biogas. The requirements stated in the Renewable Energies Directive are transposed into national law and implemented through the Biofuel Sustainability Ordinance (Biokraft-NachV) and the Biomass Energy Sustainability Ordinance (BioSt-NachV). Requirements of the sustainability ordinances are obligatory for all installations of the entire production and supply chain, i.e. for farmers as well as for parties required to furnish proof in the field of biofuels and for installation operators in the bioenergy area.
The responsibilities of the BLE are:
- Biofuels: The BLE makes the data required for the attribution of biofuels and biogas to the biofuel quota or for tax relief available to the biofuel quota body and to main customs offices.
- Bioenergy: The BLE makes the data required for compensation and for the renewable resource (Nawaro) bonus to installation operators available to the network operators.
- Bioenergy: The BLE keeps a register of all installations that convert liquid biomass to electricity.
- Nabisy (Renewable Biomass System) web application: Management of data on sutainabilty of biofuels, biogas and liquid biomass via the governmental web application “Nachhaltige Biomasse System” Nabisy and the issuance of partial proofs of sustainability at the request of an economic operator / a supplier
- The BLE evaluates the German implementation of sustainability criteria stated in the Renewable Energies Directive and edits an annual progress report for the Federal Government.
- The BLE recognises and controls certification systems.
- The BLE recognises and controls certification bodies.